Lyapko applicator many-needle therapy - theoretical aspects
the sources of health in our environment, we often forget that the main reserves necessary to overcome any illness are inside of us.
Oriental medicine concepts
According to Oriental medical thinking, a human body has powerful natural resources able to save and restore health. For thousand of years people have made sure that this idea is true and we agree with it. The ancient conception about the functions of an integrate organism is connected with the conception about presence in the organism a vital force or energy (qi) which moves along invisible channels (meridians). The vital force consists of two united elements (one is active and the other is passive) or two polarities.
The active or positive polarity presenting movement, light, warmth, excitation, that is "excess", is defined as Jang-state. The passive or negative polarity presenting calmness, cold, oppression, darkness, that is "deficiency", is defined as Ing-state. Interaction and struggle of these opposites is a display of the vital force. Normal vital activity of the organism is founded on balance between Jan and Ing, and on absolute harmony of their display; the absence of the harmony leads to pathology, which is expressed either in weakening of Jang or Ing or in excessive strengthening of one or the other.
Agreeing with the above - mentioned Oriental medical theory Lyapko N. G. expressed his own opinion concerning the conditions necessary for normal energy circulation. Indeed, energy (Cy) gets into the body with food and air but it can be realized, transformed or changed only under the conditions of active movement. It is the condition that allows energy to circulate through the meridians freely. The lack of movement (hypodinamia) prevents the energy production and disturbs its distribution and circulation in Jan-meridians as well as Ing-meridians, which causes illness.
Biologically active points
In ancient times people noticed that when someone fell ill there were certain areas on his body which ached when pressed. By means of stimulating these areas it was possible to treat the patients. The areas were called "life points". The most important theory taken as s foundation of the method of superficial many-needle therapy is the teaching about points and meridians. "Life point" or biologically active point (BAP) is a little part of the skin and subcutaneous matrix where there is a complex of interconnected microstructures (vessels, nerves and cells of connective tissues). It all creates the biologically active zone which affects nerve terminals and influences creation of the connections between the part of the body and an internal organ.
According to location, direction, effect and innervation links the points are divided into the following groups:
1. Points of general effect. They produce reflex effect on the functional state of the central nervous system.
2. Segmental points. They are located in the region of cutaneous metameres which correspond with the innervation zone of certain segments of the spinal cord.
3. Spinal points. They are located along the vertebral and paravertebral lines according to the place of outlet of the nerve roots and vegetative fibers which innervate certain organs and systems.
4. Regional points. They are located in the zone of projection of certain internal organs on the skin.
5. Local points. They affect, mainly, the underlying tissues (muscles, vessels, ligaments, joints).
It is proved that acupuncture points and zones differ from the surrounding skin in their biophysical characteristics.
• higher level of potential and capacity;
• higher temperature;
• minimal electric resistance of the skin.
BAP are set in a certain order along the strict lines called "meridians". There are 12 pair and 2 unpaired meridians. The meridians connect the internal organs with each other, with other parts of the body and with its surface. They ensure energy and informational exchange between the internal medium of the body and the environment, synchronize work of the body as a single whole and adapt its activity to the environmental changes.
Chgu Lyang, the director of Chinese Chgeng-Szu institute, explains the mechanism of effect produced by needle reflexotherapy as follows: "Its essence is in affecting the internal organs through certain active points the body which correspond them. Moderate stimulation of the sensitive endings concentrated in particular points of the skin, muscles and other tissues, and by means of them the stimulation of the nerve trunks, restores neural regulation in the body, make strength, mobility and balance of stimulation and inhibition processes normal.
Healing effect of acupuncture is realized through the reflex tract, by means of the nervous system which controls activity of the whole body. That is why its effect is not confined to the region where a point or a nerve is located. As a rule, it has beneficial effect on the organs which are rather far from the place of stimulation.
Modern science regards the thesis of superficial many-needle therapy about the formation of cutaneous visceral connections in the course of embryogeny as the most important one.
It is proved that the nervous system and the skin have ectodermal origin, and the internal organs have meso- and endodermal origin. Connection of the internal organs with the nervous system, and by means of it with the skin, is provided in course of organogeny by growing of the nervous system into the internal organs.
Principle of innervation
Originally, the principle of innervation has metameric nature, but as the body grows and develops its shape, size of the segments and their configuration change; when it happens, the nerve connections do not break but shift topographically. By means of these connections the internal organs exchange signal with the surface of the body and vice-versa. If there is pathology in the internal organs the signal about it (mostly as a pain sensation) reaches the surface of the body in the certain areas.
For example, Zaharjina-Geda zones or zones of irradiation of the visceral pain which have been known and used in medical practice for a long time. The segmental principle of innervation of the body is the same both for the internal organs and for the surface of the body.
Lyapko applicator superficial many-needle therapy realizes one of the most important recommendation of classical reflexology which advises to use two or more differently charged metals (for example, silver-gold or copper-zinc) in order to make stimulation of the biologically active points and zones more efficient.